FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
We tried to solve the frequently asking questions on Child Sexual Abuse. Below there are most frequently asked questions about child sexual abuse and street children. Many of these questions come from the misinformation and stereotypes that we learn about the sexual abuse of children.
Q. What is child sexual abuse exactly?
Child sexual abuse refers to sexual abuse of a child by an adult or some other person significantly older in the position of power or control over the child where child is used for sexual stimulation of another person. When an adult abuses children for sexual pleasure refers to child sexual abuse.
- Using explicit language,
- Showing obscene activities and materials (Audio/Visual),
- Use of obscene language in conversation and telephone,
- Sexualized talking,
- Force children to listen or see sexual intercourse activities
- Penetrative sex including rape,
- Kissing and fondling,
- Oral and anal sex,
- Touching children's genital part and private organs,
- Make child fondle abusers private part
- Masturbate the children and insist to do masturbation
Q. Is there a typical profile of someone who sexually abuses children?
No. It's difficult to identify the perpetrators from their outer structure. People who may sexually abuse children are also from the family, neighbors. They come from all classes, racial and religious backgrounds and may be homosexual or heterosexual. Most of those we know about who sexually abuse children are men, but some are women too.
Q. What are the effects of child sexual abuse?
Effects of Child Sexual Abuse
a. Physical - Difficulties in walking - Sign of unexplained genital injury - Vaginal or penile discharge - Pregnancy (in case of a girl) - Fear with adults unnecessarily
b. Mental - Anxiety and depressive symptoms - Sleep disturbance and less appetite - Inappropriate behavior such as sucking finger or bed wet - Stay alone - Loss of competence and confidence - Unnecessary aggressive - Self hatred
c. Social - Fear of disclosing the incident and losing prestige in public - Tackling behavior of the child will be difficult - Parents want to keep the incidents secret due to social problem - ignoring the child psychology - Family pressure Serious - Thinking of and committing suicide - Re victimization - Hurt himself.
Q. Is child sexual abuse really such a big problem?
Yes. According to the world record one in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys are sexually abused. Then think once how critical the issue is.
Q. What is Child Pornography?
Child pornography refers to images or films including sexually explicit photographs, negatives, slides, magazines, movies, videotapes and computer disks depicting sexually explicit activities involving a child, as such, child pornography are a visual record of child sexual abuse. Child pornography is inseparable from the sexual abuse of children. Uncomfortable photos and information are automatically arrived in the email address. To attract the children sexually this type of files and sites are automatically arrived in spasm, pop-ups and deception. Child pornography falls into two categories.
Q. Is viewing child pornography child sexual abuse?
Of course pornography is one of the worst forms of the CSA which refers to images or films including sexually explicit photographs, negatives, slides, magazine, movies and videotapes and computer disk depicting sexually explicit activities involving a child as such. Child pornography is inseparable from the sexual abuse of the children.
Q. Is there any misconception among the people about the child sexual abuse?
Yes there are many more Misconceptions about the CSA. It is equally prevalent either in literate or in illiterate. Some of them are as follows
Q. What are the Responsibilities of the adults to fight against Child Sexual Abuse?
- Emotional & psychological support
- Protect children from child sexual abuse
- Initiate legal action against the perpetrators
- Inform concerned authorities if there are chances of occurrence of such incidents
- Draw attention of concerned bodies for the amendment of legal provision
- Generate awareness regarding child sexual abuse
- Provide emotional and moral support
Q. Do VOC support the victims of CSA?
Yes. It also support in the legal action and psycho social support to the victim. As per the need VOC also support in the long term basis for the victims.
Q. Who is more likely to become a street child?
Children who are separated from their families and who run away from their families to escape from violence and abuse are become street children. Children employed as laborers in restaurants, factories, transportation services, domestic workers, porters and rag pickers; they are all exposed to exploitation and abuse due to the long working hours, work load, low wages and verbal and physical harassment. Children who don't go to school.
Q. What compels children to choose street life?
Family Environment, Family violence, alcoholic parents, death of one or both parents, remarriage of parents, negligence and rejection, lack of adequate love, care from family members. Other reasons such as extreme poverty, famine, lack of education, attraction of city life, natural or manmade disaster.
Q. What is a street child?
Any boy or a girl who has not reached adulthood, for whom the street (in the broadest sense of the word, including unoccupied dwellings, wasteland etc) has become his or her habitual abode/or sources of livelihood, and who is inadequately protected, supervised or directed by responsible adults. (Inter NGO, Switzerland, 1985)